Positive Mitzvah 

14

Learn and teach Torah.

 

“You shall teach them diligently to your children.” Devarim 6:7

 

The commandment is that the words of Torah should be clear in the person’s mouth and not stammer over them.

 

Whether poor or rich, young or old, recipient of suffering, a pauper sustained through charity or begging for bread.

 

He is obligated to fix times to study Torah in the day and at night.

As it says “you shall think in this day and night.” Joshua 1:8

 

The obligation to learn is until the day of one’s death as it says in “Lest it depart from your heart all the days of your life.” Devarim 4:9  

 

The father is obligated to teach his son before others and to teach one’s grandson as it says “you will educate your children and your children’s children.” Devarim 4:9

 

From the time the infant begins to speak his father should teach him Torah and say the verse “Moses commanded us Torah” Devarim 33:4 and needs to hire him a teacher.

 

Women are exempt from the study of Torah.

She should ensure that her children do not grow up to be ignoramuses.

 

The learning of Torah is considered equivalent to all the Mitzvot as learning will lead to doing.

 

This is applicable in all places and all times.

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