+ Positive Mitzvah
Verbally recite the “Shma” in the morning and evening
“You shall speak of them ……… when you retire and when you arise” Devarim 6:7
This is the time of lying down (evening) and time for getting up (morning).
The Talmud explains that when you "lie down and when you get up" does not refer to the literal position of one's body, but rather designates the time of day to say the Shema (Talmud Brachot 10b).
There are three sections-
Vehayo im shamoa- it shall be if you hearken
There is contained in the first verse of ” Hear”
The unity of God, to love God and to study Torah the peg on which everything depends.
The verse “ it shall be if you hearken”
Has the acceptance of the yoke of the remaining Mitzvot.
The verse “ God said”
Has the verse regarding Tsitsit- the remembrance of all Mitzvot and the Mitzvah to remember the exodus from Egypt as it says in “In order to remember the day of your exodus from the land of Egypt all the days of your life.” Devarim 16:3
This applies in all places and all times for men but not women.